Journal of Health Science-David Publishing Company
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  Journal of Health Science

Volume 2, Number 2, February 2014

Frequency:monthly
ISSN:2328-7136
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Volume 2, Number 2, February 2014
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63-74
  

Abstract: The study presents the results of exploring the effect of physical disability on the coping strategies and personality factors in a group of adolescents. It is discovered that the context of adaptability in stress coping and that of preferred coping strategies with personality factors in a cohort (N = 410) measured by means of a questionnaire: coping inventory, childrens coping strategies checklist, and the Big Five scales for California Child Q-Set. The results point to an indicator of active stress coping in the compared cohorts such as conscientiousness, agreeableness and neuroticism. Conscientiousness and openness as indicators of adaptive self-focused and environment-focused stress coping. Identified limits to the used coping strategies in adolescents require application of programmes in support of development of personality qualities, as effective coping indicators specifically in disabled adolescents.

 

Key words: Coping strategies, personality factors, physical disability, early adolescence.

75-88
  

Abstract: Crop disease is an important area which needs attention since most of the hazardous inputs added into the agricultural system are in the form of plant protection chemicals. Production of the crop is, however, constrained by several disease infections including fungal diseases. The present study focused to isolate, Pseudomonas fluorescens possess a variety of promising properties which make it a better biocontrol agent. Two Pseudomonas fluorescens isolates from rhizospheric soil of faba bean were evaluated for their antagonistic activity against Botrytis fabae that is known to attack faba bean crops. Bio-primed faba bean seed with P f 9 and P f 10 (Pseudomonas fluorescens isolates 9 and Pseudomonas fluorescens isolates 10) for pathogencity test in green house was indicated an initiate positive result respectively. Two isolates of P f 9 and P f 10 reduced both disease severity and incidence. So it could be concluded that the used P f 9 and P f 10 could resist the detrimental effects of Botrytis fabae on the plant growth and yield that will be used as biocontrol in the farm after field test.

 

Key words: Botrytis fabae, biocontrol, bio-primed faba bean seed, Pseudomonas fluorescens.

89-93
  

Abstract: In 2009, Norway faced the global challenge of the influenza pandemic. Risk communication is an important tool within healthy promoting work. In this study the main aim was to explore reflections of students on the risk assessment of season flu and the swine flu in 2009 according to field of study. A cross-sectional questionnaire survey based on 505 students is presented. 42.4% were health subject students, and 57.6% were non-health subject related students. The majority of the students were 20-24 years old. Most of the respondents were not concerned at being infected with the swine flu, and did underestimate the death toll of the common flu. Students were more concerned about the swine flu than the regular season flu. By logistic regression, the odds ratio for taking the swine flu vaccine was greater among students who were concerned (O.R. = 2.5). During the swine flu pandemic, student trust towards the health authorities was low. Among the students, 74% stated they would consider advice from the health authorities, 37% from their parents and 20% from mass media. Stating risk of getting the common flu was at the medium or great risk level for far less non-health students than for health students, 38.2% versus 55.6%, P = 0.001. The perceived infection risk was likewise higher in the health student group, 52.4% versus 36.2%, P = 0.001. The respondents had little faith in general public vaccination as well as being critical concerning side effects of vaccination. The results from the study indicated that the students would rather follow advice about their personal hygiene than advice to take the swine flu-vaccine.

 

Key words: Swine flu, seasonal flu, pandemic influenza and risk perception.

94-101

Profile of People Living with HIV/AIDS in a Large Municipality of São Paulo State, Brazil (2012-2013)

Gabriela Tavares Magnabosco, Lvia Maria Lopes, Mayara Flico Faria, Maria Eugenia Firmino Brunello, Tiemi Arakawa, Aline Arajo Antunes, Rubia Laine de Paula Andrade, Aline Aparecida Monroe and Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa


  

Abstract: HIV/AIDS has brought to light the challenge of incorporating the many influences between living conditions, social characteristics and health services performance to an adequate care for PLWHA (people living with AIDS). Vulnerability of these populations is under the responsibility of specialized care units whose assistance does not always occur according to their real needs and demands. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze demographic, social and clinical profiles of PLWHA, as well as their follow-up in SS (Specialized Health Services) in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. It is a descriptive study conducted by the application of structured questionnaires to 253 patients with HIV/AIDS in follow-up during the years of 2012-2013. Variables were analyzed by descriptive statistics procedures. The findings pointed out gender parity, aging population, low education and economic predominance of class C. Regarding clinical characteristics, there was a predominance of asymptomatic individuals, with no clinical manifestations of AIDS or major comorbidities. The main mode of transmission was through sexual contact. The results led to the need of adequating the assistance provided to the specificities inherent to PLWHA. The care provision should cross an interdisciplinary perspective, targeting recognition of problems and ensuring comprehensive health care adequate to users needs and demands.

 

Key words: AIDS, user profile, evaluation of health services, comprehensive health care.

102-107

The Social Context of Antibiotic Resistance

Majlinda Zahaj, Aurela Saliaj and Sonila Nikaj


  

Abstract: There are various socio-economic (poverty, self medication, and non-compliance to prescribed therapy) and behavior factors that affects the way of antibiotic use, which consequently brings the development of antibiotic resistance in patients. In the study, some of these social factors that might have an impact on the resistance of antibiotics in patients of regional of Vlora hospital during the period 2011-2012 were examined. The study was conducted using structured interviews on patients who were previously examined for bacterial cultures and sensitivity. The antibiotic resistance resulted really high in these patients. It is found out that the organisms with higher resistance were Streptococcus and Escherichia coli. 75% of the patients, whose cultures were positive, were resistant to at least one antibiotic and 31% to three or more antibiotics. A significant correlation between the structure of antibiotic resistance and the upper socio economic levels, the low educational level of the patients, self medication and the frequency of antibiotic use was found. These data have influence in the development of the awareness strategies in risky groups in order to clarify the concepts on the proper use of antibiotics.

 

Key words: Antimicrobial resistance, socio-economic status, low level of education, self medication, frequency of antibiotic use.

 
 

 

 

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Journal of Health Science is an international, scholarly peer-reviewed journal (print and online) published monthly by David Publishing Company, USA, since 2013. The journal publishes articles, reviews, etc., on any issues from the broadest range of Health Science traditions and that cross disciplinary boundaries, through which it tries to provide the latest information on developments in Health Science, and each issue is striving to bring you critical perspectives and cogent analyses. The journal is published in English.

The e-journal provides free and open access to all of its content on our Website. Accepted papers will immediately appear online followed by the printed in hard copy.

 

Current columns namely: Nutrition and Dietetics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Disaster Management, Physiology and Counselling, Health Psychology and Behavior, Health and Rehabilitation, Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Nursing Practice and Health Care, Health Policies and Administrations, Health Informatics, Environmental and Occupational Health, Community Health, Public Health, Health Education and Research, and so on.

Journal of Health Science is to be indexed in the following databases:

Database of EBSCO, Massachusetts, USA

Universe Digital Library S/B, ProQuest

Summon Serials Solutions, USA

Universe Digital Library Sdn Bhd (UDLSB), Malaysia

China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China

Chinese Database of CEPS, American Federal Computer Library Center (OCLC), USA

Google scholar

 

Information for Authors

1. Submission of Manuscript: The manuscript should be original, and has not been published previously. Do not submit material that is currently being considered by another journal. The manuscript should be in MS Word format, submitted as an email attachment to our email address: health(@)davidpublishing.com or health(@)davidpublishing.org

2. Some Requirements: Manuscripts may be 3000-12000 words or longer if approved by the editor, including an abstract, texts, tables, footnotes, appendixes and references. The title should be on page 1 and not exceed 15 words, and should be followed by an abstract of 100-200 words. 3-8 key words or key phrases are required.

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4. Hard Copies: Author will receive 2 hard copies of the journal containing their articles.

5. Publication Fee: We will charge some fee if the paper is published in our journal.

 

Peer Review Policy

Journal of Health Science is a peer-review journal. All research articles in the journals undergo rigorous peer review, based on initial editor screening and refereeing by at least two anonymous referees.

 

Editorial Procedures

All papers considered appropriate for this journal are reviewed anonymously by at least two outside reviewers. The review process usually takes two to three weeks. Papers are accepted for publication subject to no substantive, stylistic editing. The Editor reserves the right to make any necessary changes in the papers, or request the author to do so, or reject the paper submitted. A copy of the edited paper along with the first proofs will be sent to the author for proofreading.

 

Submission of Manuscript

All manuscripts submitted will be considered for publication. Manuscripts should be sent online or as an email attachment to: health(@)davidpublishing.com or health(@)davidpublishing.org

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Database of EBSCO, Massachusetts, USA

Universe Digital Library S/B, ProQuest

Summon Serials Solutions, USA

Universe Digital Library Sdn Bhd (UDLSB), Malaysia

China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China

Chinese Database of CEPS, American Federal Computer Library Center (OCLC), USA

Google scholar

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AcademicKeys
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getCITED
Newjour
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