Journal of Literature and Art Studies
Volume 3, Number 12, December 2013
This essay examines the autobiography of Chen Hengzhe (1890-1976) (see Appendix), a relatively less studied woman writer, historian, and critic in modern China. Through the study in four aspects, namely, the pursuit of modern education, simple appearance, great leaders, and the ambassadors of culture, the author¡¯s research indicates that Chen¡¯s construction of ¡°new woman¡± has been influenced by complex historical and cultural forces such as the Chinese traditional culture, Western culture, and the iconoclastic spirit of ¡°the New Culture Movement¡±. Meanwhile, Chen¡¯s gender consciousness is also an important element. Moreover, Chen¡¯s pioneering standing and her own experiences of studying abroad makes her take the lead in conceiving women¡¯s leadership and their roles in global culture communications. In the late Qing and the early Republic, traditional values and norms of womanhood were severely challenged. Chen¡¯s construction of ¡°new woman¡± is her conscious effort to define a new womanhood and is an integral part of the ongoing exploration of Chinese women for modern womanhood. Through the examination of Chen¡¯s ¡°new woman¡±, this paper seeks to enrich our understanding of the complexity of modern Chinese women¡¯s exploration of modern womanhood.
Keywords: new woman, culture and politics, modern China, womanhood, autobiography, Chen Hengzhe
Alexandre Veloso de Abreu
Understanding that Homer¡¯s Odyssey (1998) has a feminine perspective, this paper intends to explore the Greek epic placing queen Penelope as the protagonist, observing, mainly, the narratological shifts in the story grammar, duration and character elaboration. This study also uses Paul Ricoeur¡¯s The Rule of Metaphor (2008) to analyze the episode of the shroud in Homer¡¯s Odyssey. Ricoeur sees metaphor in three distinct levels: the level of lexis where he bases himself in the works of Aristotle; the level of phrase in which he recurs to the structuralist linguistician Émile Benveniste; and the metaphor in the level of discourse, when Ricoeur himself devises an elaborate study of the figure of speech. Penelope¡¯s weaving can be understood as a representation of discourse and of the feminine. Such analogy transcends the stereotype she is often given and defines a new role for the character in the epic.
Keywords: narratology, genre, feminine, Penelope, classical literature
Lloyd James Bennett
Globalization is a topic much discussed today with the explosion of cell phones and instant messaging. This exchange of information causes the art historian to ponder the speed with which ideas spread in past centuries. The eighteenth was a century of colonial expansion made possible through the ships that sailed the great oceans. Sea travel between Europe and North America drastically increased the spread of populations and their ideas between the old and new world. A good way to trace the exchange of ideas in picture painting in the eighteenth century would be to follow an artist like Benjamin West from his Quaker background in Pennsylvania to the center of the neoclassical style in Rome and a prolific career in London at the Royal Academy. West¡¯s travels and career offer an example of how an American pursued the artistic style of contemporary Rome to make images of North American history from a base in England. It was globalization eighteenth-century-style made possible by an ambitious artist connecting across the sea-lanes of international travel.
Keywords: painting, history, globalization, neoclassicism, eighteenth century, West, Wolfe
In many of D. G. Rossetti¡¯s paintings, Elizabeth Siddal appears as a model. In real life, they formed a married couple, and the relatonship was not as idealistic as it might have been, between a muse-figure and an artist. After Elizabeth¡¯s death, Rossetti seemed to have been preoccupied with the ¡°Lilith¡± theme in his painting and poetry, and somehow he could not free himself from the haunting memory of the ¡°wronged wife¡±, the muse. This often found manifestation in his portrayal of the ¡°femme fatale¡± images. Applying psychoanalysis to art-criticism and literary appreciation, this paper is an attempt to explore the relationship between a model and an artist, which both psychologically and aesthetically, seemed to be working beyond the former¡¯s death. Through a detailed analysis of the ¡°Lilith¡± image in D. G. Rossetti¡¯s art, this paper has shown the coplexities of the artist¡¯s agony and anxiety over the image of a muse, a homely beloved¡ªturned into a threatening ¡°femme fatale¡±, now distant, unknown, frightening yet fascinating, and mystified by death.
Keywords: D. G. Rossetti, ¡°Lady Lilith¡±, Elizabeth Siddal, femme fatale, pre-Raphaelite art
Translational discourse requires at least three participants, therefore it is suggested to consider the universal model of the picture of the world, according to which it is much easier for a translator to combine the pictures of the world of an addressee and an author. An addressee is a mental image existing in the mind of an addresser during the creative process. Having defined its parameters, a translator has an opportunity to deliver the thought of an addresser to an addressee as accurately as possible and to select the means of expression that are clear to an addressee. The type of an addressee correlates with ¡°the relation to the new¡±.
Keywords: cognitive linguistics, target text, the language picture of the world, discourse, addresser, addressee, the levels of the structure of the language world picture
The article aims at deciphering Clive Barker¡¯s multilayered short story ¡°The Body Politic¡± inserted in the 4th book of Books of Blood (1984-1985). In this work, the British author presents the human body as literally a book which has to be opened, rediscovered; it is a terra incognita marked by the resurgence of repressed elements or by the sense of urgency of applying a new significance to this locus. The notion of rewriting is a leitmotiv in ¡°The Body Politic¡± as Barker seems to redefine not merely the organic political metaphor but drapes this imagery with Gothic, biblical or psychoanalytic veils. Julia Kristeva¡¯s Powers of Horror (1982) is a cornerstone to apprehend the depiction of the body as the ultimate unknown. The narrative traps the reader into the paradoxical hypnotic delights of the Otherized, abjectified body.
Keywords: Clive Barker, the body, political philosophy, the Gothic, the bible, abjection, identity
Enea Mustafaraj, Yavuz Yardım
The Mirahor Ilyas Beg Mosque, built in 1496 in Korça, is one of a few Ottoman mosques still existing in Albania and the only Ottoman monument in the city. The mosque was built using cut stone and brick. It has a strong image; a cubic mass rising over a square plan. Inside there are found pictures of the mosque in the past and different famous mosques. During its existence, it was damaged from many earthquakes occurring at this area. Due to amortization, the mosque¡¯s structural properties were weakened and architectural values were dimmed. Proper strengthening methods need to be applied, not only to improve structural conditions, but also to preserve architectural features of the mosque. In this paper assessment of existing conditions of the structure is carried out. Based on the obtained results, solutions for the structural problems are investigated. As for restoration, the repair methods to be applied were examined taking into consideration at what extent the historical values of the building will be preserved. The proposed strengthening methods are the ones which would affect the least the mosque¡¯s historical values.
Keywords: heritage, masonry buildings, structural assessment, mosque retrofit, restoration
Journal of Literature and Art Studies is published monthly in hard copy (ISSN 2159-5836) and online (ISSN 2159-5844) by David Publishing Company located at 1840 Industrial Drive, Suite 160, Libertyville, IL 60048, USA.
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Journal of Literature and Art Studies, a monthly professional academic journal, covers all sorts of researches on literature, art study, feminism, aesthetics, musicology, artistic designs, caricatures, narratology and other latest findings and achievements from experts and scholars all over the world.436
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