Sino-US English Teaching
Volume 9, Number 12, December 2012
N. M. Musehane
South Africa has 11 official languages enshrined in the Constitution of the country. An additional language, sign language was approved as an official language at the end of 2008. The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa and the South African Schools Act 84 of 1996 emphasise teaching and learning through any mother tongue, a learner would understand best. Section 29(1) of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa categorically states that: ¡°Everyone has the right to receive education in the official language or languages of their choice in public educational institutions where that education is reasonably practicable¡±. However, most text books written in English have been prescribed at many schools. One is not certain whether the subjects are taught in English or in the indigenous language at these schools. In the end, those teachers use the mother tongue, together with English, in teaching learners. This result in code switching and code mixing takes place in classes, which are meant to facilitate communication across barriers of colour, language, and region, while creating an environment in which respect for languages other than one¡¯s own would be encouraged. Teaching and learning in one¡¯s mother tongue promotes full participation in the economy of the country. The aim of the paper is to investigate teaching and learning in Vhembe primary schools of the Limpopo Province in South Africa, within the framework of existing legislation. This will be compared with empirical evidence. The researcher seeks to establish what language(s) primary schools use for teaching and learning. Based on this, conclusions and recommendations will be made to assist stakeholders in language-in-education policy formulation.
Keywords: theory, practice, language, teaching and learning, primary schools
Salameh Saleem Mahmoud
This study aims at investigating the effect of using L1 (Arabic Language) while teaching a target language (English Language) on the achievement in General English of foundation year students in King Abdulaziz University. To achieve the purpose of the study, the researcher used an experimental design: an experimental group and a control group. The independent variable is using L1 while teaching English in very limited and specified areas. The dependent variable is students¡¯ achievement in general English. The statistics used is the t-test. The population of the study was all students enrolled in the foundation year 1431/1432 in the ELI (English Language Institute) at King Abdulaziz University. The sample of the study consisted of 50 students taking North Star in the sections A and B as a university requirement in the foundation year 1431/1432 in King Abdulaziz University. The results of the study were in favor of banning Arabic in the English language classroom as shown in the mean scores of the control and experimental groups in the tables. It is recommended that teachers and instructors should be trained to use teaching strategies that help them use English only in the English language classroom.
Keywords: L1 (Arabic Language), L2 (English Language), ELI (English Language Institute), foundation year (the first year for students at the university where they take general courses)
Teachers of CLD (culturally and linguistically diverse) public school students New York and Rome, Italy were interviewed about their work with this unique, growing subset of learners. The 12 teachers¡¯ stories highlight myriad issues facing educators across the globe. Each teacher had recently participated in a research-based and government-sponsored professional development program focused on second language acquisition and culturally responsive pedagogy. Themes emerged through the analysis of individual interviews and classroom observations. These findings highlight teachers¡¯ perceptions of effective professional development, along with identification of institutional barriers impeding the delivery of best practices to CLD students. Cross-cultural comparisons are made which suggest an inconsistency in educational services for CLD students, along with an urgent need for professional development courses for teachers and administrators. The educators¡¯ voices shed light on both the challenges and rewards associated with this important work.
Keywords: achievement gap, English language learners, professional development, second language acquisition, Italy
The learning strategy is one of the important inner factors that may affect the students¡¯ self-study. And the self-study ability is more and more emphasized. The Foreign Department of Harbin Engineering University has put the the Internet-based self-study platform in use among the Chen Geng class for years. Based on the observation of the using condition of the platform and the results from a survey, this paper will analyze the influence of the learning strategies after the use of the platform, and at the same time, some suggestions will be provided for the teachers to help students have a better command of learning strategies. As proved by the data, for the college English education in all Chinese universities, it is both a trend and a necessity to cultivate the self-study ability of students through the Internet-based platform.
Keywords: college English, self-study platform, learning strategies
Fasse Mbouya Innocent
In order to revamp school bilingualism in FPE (Francophone primary education) in Cameroon some changes were brought about after the release of a new education orientation law in 1998. Those changes include the institution of NSE (new syllabuses of English), the institution of an English paper at the end-of-primary school examination, the adoption new course books, the decision requesting all FPE teachers to teach English alongside other subjects.¡ This paper the data of which stem from a survey of teachers (n = 222), pupils (n = 589), parents (n = 293), and head teachers (n = 23) in some 30 schools of Yaounde proposes some strategies to help curb the crucial lack of qualified teachers, the high cost of teaching and learning materials and the glaring lack of motivation of teachers. Strategies include how to train specialist teachers in numbers, the institution of a BPB (bilingualism promotion bonus) to generate sustained motivation to teach, a substantial subsidization of course book production.¡ With these measures the promotion of French/English school bilingualism in Cameroon primary education may turn from the myth of Sisyphus it has become into a successful undertaking.
Keywords: language policy implementation, bilingualism development, second/foreign language teaching
LIU Yuan, TAO Yu, HUANG Su-min
Recent years, problems of the current college English courses, such as test-oriented teaching, wasteful duplication of language skills teaching, etc., have been criticized by educators and students in China. Thus, turning skill-based English courses into content-based ESP (English for Special Purposes) courses has become a tendency at colleges and universities in China. The purpose of this paper is to analyze factors influencing the design of such courses through the means of questionnaire, individual interviews, data survey (e.g., educational plans) etc.. We found the following factors throw light on the questions relating to curriculum design of ESP courses: (1) the learners¡¯ learning needs; (2) the social needs (esp. labor market needs); and (3) the academic needs from the university. The analysis serves to reveal the gap between the school system and actual social and students needs. With these factors in mind, designers of such courses can adjust goals, contents, approaches, and assessments in the practical teaching. And thus these factors would enable content-based ESP courses to reflect learners¡¯ needs better and lead to more effective langrage learning in college English teaching field.
Keywords: content-based ESP (English for Special Purposes) courses, needs analysis, course design
The present study aimed to contribute to our understanding of foreign language anxiety, in general, and in particular speaking anxiety in Kazakhstani environment. It was the first attempt to fill this gap and reveal more about the speaking anxiety in the Elementary level of Kazakh students group, having considered how anxiety might have affected speaking and overall classroom performance. This study addressed the issue of identifying foreign language speaking anxiety and the major consequences of language speaking anxiety reported by students learning English in the evaluation of the foreign language classroom. Anxiety levels in Kazakh students of English were studied through self-evaluation using a scale adapted from the FLCAS (Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale) developed by E. K. Horwitz, M. B. Horwitz, and Cope (1986). As revealed by the results of this study, English language speaking anxiety does exist among the Kazakh second-year university students who participated in this study. And too, the study revealed that these students have had a number of negative experiences with speaking activities in a foreign language class.
Keywords: anxiety, foreign language classroom, high and low anxiety, communication apprehension, public speaking
Appraisal Theory is a part of the interpersonal metafunction in Systemic Functional Linguistics to reveal the speaker¡¯s attitudes and positionings. Some scholars in recent years have introduced this theory to the Chinese reader and applied it to the study of different genres, but up to now, very little has been done to test this newly developed theory in translation studies. This paper attempts to use the Appraisal Theory as a tool to investigate speaker¡¯s positioning in ST (source text) and TT (target text). The translations of part of the Q&A (Question&Answer) section of the Vice President Cheney¡¯s speech at Fudan University and their STs will be investigated in the present study. The source and target texts are first described in the appraisal theoretical framework and then compared to find out the differences in terms of the speaker¡¯s positioning in ST and TT. Finally, a discussion is carried out to explore possible reasons that caused the speaker¡¯s changed positioning from ST and TT. Our findings indicate that translator¡¯s role, linguistic characteristics, and translation purpose might all contribute to speaker¡¯s changed positioning.
Keywords: Appraisal Theory, engagement, changed positioning, reasons
Web news translation demands that translators work in a short time frame, and speed in transmitting information is vitally important in a highly competitive news market. However, they should still be concerned with quality control as the most important factor in grabbing the audience¡¯s attention. This paper uses statistical research to investigate American audiences¡¯ preferences for receiving news, and to identify the problems and questions of Web international news in Taiwan, focusing on three main news websites in Taiwan. The aim of this paper is to establish an argument that the translator could make a contribution to Taiwan¡¯s Web news production by using right strategies to improve the translation. By analyzing news websites in Taiwan and comparing new trends of Web news, this paper studies several strategies of Web news translation.
Keywords: news websites, news translation, translation strategies
Mohammad Moniruzzaman Miah
From time immemorial down to the present decade, poets, dramatists, and fictionists have portrayed nature in different ways in their works. Critics, so far, have pointed out the mystic, didactic, and philosophical aspects of Wordsworth¡¯s nature poetry. In the backdrop of global deforestation and environmental degradation, traditional approaches to the evaluation of Wordsworth¡¯s nature poetry have lost charms and appeals to both the readers and the environmentalists. So, new approaches to the judgment of his poetry are a demand of the day. Keeping this demand in view, this paper aims at delving deep into Wordsworth¡¯s selected nature poems from eco-scientific point of view. Eco-scientific approach, missing in the previous analysis of his poetry, may pave the way for opening up a new trend for the new generation of readers and critics.
Keywords: ecocriticism, environment, nature, destruction, scientific, preserve, deforestation
Sino-US English Teaching is published monthly in hard copy (ISSN 1539-8072) and online (ISSN 1935-9675) by David Publishing Company located at 240 Nagle Avenue #15C, New York, NY 10034, USA.
Aims and Scope:
Sino-US English Teaching, a monthly professional academic journal, covers all sorts of researches on English teaching theory and practice, linguistic research, literature criticism, translation research and other latest findings and achievements from experts and foreign language scholars all over the world.
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